According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), consistent and correct use of male latex condoms can reduce (though not eliminate) the risk of a sexually transmitted disease. To achieve the maximum protective effect, condoms must be used both consistently and correctly. Inconsistent use can lead to a person contracting an STD because transmission can occur with a single act of intercourse with an infected partner.
The most reliable ways to avoid transmission of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), are to abstain from sexual activity or to be in a long-term mutually monogamous relationship with an uninfected partner. However, many infected persons may be unaware of their infections because STDs are often asymptomatic or unrecognized.
HISTORY OF CONDOMS
- In order for a condom to be effective, it must be used before any type of sexual encounter/act, from beginning to end.
- Do not “double-bag” (using more than one condom and one time) they could both tear due to friction between them.
- In order to prevent the transmission of HIV (the virus that causes AIDS), you must use a latex condom, and not a “natural” or animal skin condom. Animal skin condoms have tiny holes that HIV can get through, whereas latex condoms do not.
- Store condom in a cool, dry place. Stay away from storing it near sharp objects or in the heat. That includes wallets.
Condoms and STDs: CDC Prevention Messages
The following are prevention messages recently developed by the CDC:
- Latex condoms, when used consistently and correctly, are highly effective in preventing the transmission of HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. In addition, correct and consistent use of latex condoms can reduce the risk of other STDs.
- Latex condoms, when used consistently and correctly, can reduce the risk of transmission of gonorrhea, chlamydia, and trichomoniasis.
- Latex condoms, when used consistently and correctly, can reduce the risk of genital herpes, syphilis, chancroid, and HPV only when the infected areas are covered or protected by the condom.
- The use of latex condoms has been associated with a reduction in risk of HPV-associated diseases, such as cervical cancer.
- Latex Condoms and Sexually Transmitted Diseases — Prevention Messages, National Center for HIV, STD & TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA (undated document).
- Table organized by TheBody.com
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Get the facts
Learn good facts to know about STD’s so you make sure to make the right choices for your health.
- A person is diagnosed with an STD every 20.8 minutes in Maricopa County.
- STD's increase the risk of acquiring HIV
- Although teenagers and young adults represent only 25% of the sexually active population, 15-24 year olds account for nearly half of all STD’s diagnosed each year.
- A girl is four times more likely to contract an STD than she is to become pregnant
- The only STD that affects more men than women is syphilis.
- The estimated number of people living in the U.S. with a viral STD is over 65 million.